Trees Planted by the Water: Early African American Legislators


Barbara Jordan - Standing on Solid Ground  In 1967 she was elected to a seat in the Texas Senate, where she was the first black state senator since 1883. She was the first black woman from a Southern state to serve in Congress, and, with Andrew Young, was the first of two African Americans to be elected to Congress from the South in the twentieth century.
Early Texas African American Legislators


Listed By Year

David Abner, Sr.
Richard Allen
Edward Anderson
Alexander Asberry
Houston A.P. Bassett
Thomas Beck
Edward Brown
Charles W. Bryant
D.W. Burley
Walter Moses Burton
Silas Cotton
Stephen Curtis
Bird Davis
Goldstein Dupree
Robert J. Evans
Jacob E. Freeman
Matthew Gaines
Harriel G. Geiger
Bedford A. Guy
Nathan H Haller
Jeremiah J. Hamilton
William H. Holland
Wiley W. Johnson
Mitchell Kendall
Robert A. Kerr
Doc C. Lewis
Ralph Long
Lloyd Henry McCabe
Scipio P. McKee
James McWashington
Elias Mayes
David Medlock
John Mitchell
Henry Moore
Robert J. Moore
Sheppard Mullens
Edward Patton
Henry Phelps
William Reynolds
Walter E. Ripetoe
Meshack R. Roberts
George Thompson Ruby
Alonzo Sledge
Robert Lloyd Smith
Henry Sneed
James H. Stewart
James H. Washington
Benjamin O. Watrous
Allen W. Wilder
Benjamin Franklin Williams
Richard Williams
George W. Wyatt



Forever Free 19th Century African-American Legislators and Delegates

Recognizing the African American Texas state legislators and constitutional delegates of 1868-1900 for their courage and public service.

List of Delegates to the Reconstruction Convention

Black Lawmakers and the Establishment of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas


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