Portal To Afrotexan History
General Slavery Reconstruction Latter 19th Century 20th Century Notables



Scott Joplin

 Scott Joplin develop a musical style known as ragtime. He produced a grand opera, entitled Treemonisha, which received a Pulitzer Prize after his death.

Latter Nineteenth Century
Freedom Colonies: Independent Black Texans in the Time of Jim Crow (Jack and Doris Smothers Series in Texas History, Life, and Culture)
Negro in Texas, 1874-1900

Reconstruction to Reform: Texas Politics, 1876-1906
Feeding the Wolf: John B. Rayner and the Politics of Race, 1850-1918 (The American History Series)

Herman A. Barnett

In 1953 Herman A. Barnett became the first black person to graduate from a Texas medical school
Twenty Century
Black Soldiers in Jim Crow Texas, 1899-1917 (Centennial Series of the Association of Former Students, Texas a & M University)
Behold the People: R.C. Hickman's Photographs of Black Dallas 1949-1961 (Barker Texas History Center Series)
Black Victory: The Rise and Fall of the White Primary in Texas
Advancing Democracy: African Americans and the Struggle for Access and Equity in Higher Education in Texas

The First Waco Horror: The Lynching of Jesse Washington And the Rise of the Naacp (Centennial Series of the Association of Former Students Texas A & M University)
The Battle for the Black Ballot: Smith V. Allwright and the Defeat of the Texas All-White Primary (Landmark Law Cases and American Society)
Barbara Jordan: Breaking the Barriers
Flames after Midnight: Murder, Vengeance, and the Desolation of a Texas Community


Henry Ossian Flipper

Henry Ossian Flipper, engineer, the first black graduate of West Point,



Wallace B. Jefferson

Jefferson has three times made Texas judicial history. In 2001, Governor Rick Perry appointed him the first African American Justice of the Texas Supreme Court, and then again in 2004 he was appointed the first African American Chief Justice. In November 2002, Jefferson also became, along with Justice Dale Wainwright, one of the first two African Americans elected to the Court.