Portal To Afrotexan History
General Slavery Latter 19th Century 20th Century Notables Books
Reconstruction Resources

Inez Beverly Prosser

Inez Beverly Prosser, teacher and school administrator, was the first African-American female to receive a Ph.D in psychology



Carl Walker Jr

When he was was first appointed to the U.S. Attorney's Office in Houston in 1961, he was believed to be the first black to hold such a position in a Southern state in the 20th century.


Forty years at El Paso, 1858-1898. by W. W. Mills.
Presidential Reconstruction in Texas
Reconstruction and the Lost Cause
Reminiscences of Reconstruction in Texas
The Confederate Exodus to Latin America
Texas Juneteenth History
The Freedmen's Bureau in Texas
Assistant Commissioner - Edgar M Gregory  
Freedmens Bureau Online - Texas 
The Ku Klux Klan
Marion County Chief Justice Campbell reports Ku Klux Klan activity in and about Jefferson
The Union League of Texas
Radical Disfranchisement in Texas, 1867-70
Knights of the White Camellia
Texas Freedmen's Towns
James P. Newcomb and the Divisions Within the Republican Party
Forever Free 19th Century African-American Legislators and Delegates
the role of black Republicans in creating Texas's public school system
The Matthew Gaines Memorial Homepage
Shackles on my Feet 
Texas Black Codes
Rubin Hancock Farmstead
Counterfeit Justice: A Texas Freedwoman's Story

Dr.Benjamin R. Bluitt

Benjamin R. Bluitt, the first black surgeon in Texas, He opened the first black hospital in Dallas in 1905, the Bluitt Sanitarium


General Spencer Cornelius Dickerson

Photograph shows portrait of Dickerson, a physician and first African American Texan to attain the rank of brigadier general. 

Lonnie E. Smith

Lonnie E. Smith, black dentist and civil-rights activist. On July 27, 1940, he attempted to vote in the Democratic primary. As an African American, he was denied a ballot under the white primary rules of the time. Smith, filed suit in the United States District Court, in 1942. On April 3, 1944, the court's decided in Smith favor. Since that time, all eligible Texans have had the right to vote in the primary election of their choice.