Portal To Afrotexan History
General Slavery Reconstruction Twentieth Century Notables Books
Latter Nineteenth Century Resources

Doris Miller

Photograph shows Doris Miller, first African-American hero of World War II. 


Curtis Graves

Photograph shows house page standing next to Curtis Graves (1938), Texas' first African-American state representative since Reconstruction.. Graves served in the House 1966-1972.

M. F. Jamison (Monroe Franklin), 1848-1918. Autobiography and Work of Bishop M. F. Jamison, D.D
Lily-White Movement
Harrison County Methods
White Man's Union Associations
Exodus of 1879
Jaybird-Woodpecker War
Racial disturbance at Sandy Point, Brazoria County, July-August, 1877.
SHQ Online :: Volume 49 Number 4 :: Citizens White Primary of Marion County
The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow
Early African-American Senators
UNT Resource magazine: Silver-tongued orator
Buffalo Soldiers, Black Cowboys and Indian Scouts
African Americans and the Old West
African American in the West Research Guide
The African - Native Genealogy Homepage
Buffalo Soldiers
Buffalo Soldiers and Black Cowboys
History of the Buffalo Soldiers
Fort McKavett 
Henry Ossian Flipper - Wikipedia
Black Seminoles - Wikipedia
Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts: Revised with photos
Indian Scout Cemetery Kinney County Texas
Black Indians in the United States - Wikipedia

Artemisia Bowden

Artemisia Bowden, black school administrator and civic leader, The National Council of Negro Women cited Artemisia Bowden as one of the ten most outstanding woman educators in the country. Many local organizations also recognized her lifetime of service. In 1954, after fifty-two years as head of St. Philip's, she retired and became dean emerita.


Victor Blanco

San Antonio's first black mayor, Victor Blanco, was elected in 1809