Trees Planted by the Water: Early African American Legislators

 

 

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12th Texas Legislature

 

12th Texas Legislature Jan 10, 1871- Wikipedia
Reconstruction Acts, 1870 PDF
Ordinances of the Constitutional Convention, 1868 PDF
Twelfth Legislature, Called Session, General Laws PDF
Concurrent Resolutions of the Called Session PDF
Joint Resolutions of the Called Session PDF
Twelfth Legislature, Called Session, Special Laws, 1870 PDF
Twelfth Legislature, General Laws, First Session, 1871 PDF
Joint Resolutions of Twelfth Legislature PDF
Twelfth Legislature, Special Laws, First Session, 1871 PDF
Twelfth Legislature, General Laws, Second Session PDF
Twelfth Legislature, Resolutions, Second Session PDF
Twelfth Legislature, Index to General Laws PDF
Twelfth Legislature, Special Laws, Second Session PDF
Twelfth Legislature, Special Laws, Index PDF
Review of the laws of the twelfth Legislature of the State of Texas  
   
   
   

 

 

 

12th (1870-71) Legislature African American Legislators -

Senate  
George Thompson Ruby  
Matthew Gaines  
   
House  
Mitchell Kendall Sheppard Mullens
Robert J. Moore Benjamin Franklin Williams
Richard Allen Jeremiah J. Hamilton
Goldstein Dupree D.W. Burley
John Mitchell David Medlock
Silas Cotton Richard Williams

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourteenth_Texas_Legislature"

 

 

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12th Provisional Feb 08, 1870 Feb 24, 1870    
12th 1st Called Session Apr 26, 1870 Aug 15, 1870    
12th Regular Session Jan 10, 1871 May 31, 1871    
12th Adjournal Sep 12, 1871 Dec 02, 1871    
Sequence 12
  Review of the laws of the twelfth Legislature of the State of Texas,
Description: Review of the unconstitutional laws of the twelfth Legislature of Texas, 1870-1871.
Go straight to: http://name.umdl.umich.edu/AJR4047.0001.001
> more info
 
 
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Members of the Twelfth Legislature (1870-71) were elected in 1869 at the same election at which the voters approved the new constitution. But before normal relations with the United States were restored on April 17, 1870, the newly elected legislators were ordered into session from February 8-24 as a provisional legislature by the military commander, who also appointed a provisional speaker, to ratify the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments and elect two United States senators. Twelve days after federal rule ended, Republican Governor Edmund J. Davisqv called the Twelfth Legislature into special session. The first regular session was held from January 10 to May 31, 1871, and the second, September 12 to December 2, 1871. The Twelfth Legislature was, to date, the only one in which Republicans held a majority of seats and also the first to which African Americansqv were elected. Among unusual procedural incidents were the removal of Republican Speaker Ira H. Evansqv for opposing the change of election dates that in effect altered constitutional terms of office, the arrest of senators by the Senate and the forcible return of enough to make a quorum, and the expelling of a senator. In the 1872 elections the Democrats reclaimed both houses of the legislature

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Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "," http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/TT/mkt2.html (accessed July 24, 2006).