Bishop College
Historically Black College




Bishop College Notes  1901 - 1902, The Baptist home mission monthly, Volumes 23-24



Bishop College.


Our students come from a very wide field. The Baptist Year Book for 1899 gives a total of 315,000 Baptist church members for Texas, of whom 133,000 are in colored churches. It is safe to say that 300,000 persons are connected with Negro Baptist families in Texas.

Marshall, the-seat of Bishop College, is in a county bordering on Louisiana, almost due west from Vicksburg, Miss. A large part of northern Louisiana is thus naturally in our field, since there is no Negro Baptist college in Louisiana north of New Orleans. Indeed, the nearest Baptist schools to Marshall, which do work of higher grade than college preparatory, are at Little Rock, Ark., and Jackson, Miss., each more than 200 miles distant. The nearest Baptist college in Texas is 400 miles distant.

While, perhaps, a majority of our students will devote their lives to home-keeping and various forms of manual labor, our regular school work necessarily is chiefly in the line of training preachers and teachers.

Our religious work has two especial alms in view:

1. The duty of personal piety is constantly pressed upon every student in public teaching and private conversation.

2. All organized religious instruction keeps in view the training of students in the best methods of doing such work, as well as instruction in religious truth. In this matter we depend on two agencies:

(a) Bible Study. In all grades the study of the Bible and Bible outlines is a required part of the work, and is distributed through the course so as to keep the subject constantly before the students' minds. Added to this is a term's work each in moral science and evidences of Christianity. The time thus devoted to religious and moral instruction in the academic and college classes amounts to a daily recitation continued for ten and a half terms, or nearly as much time as is devoted to mathematics.

(If) Religious Meetings. These consist of daily chapel exercises, Sunday school, preaching services, and B. Y. P. U. meetings on. the Lord's day, and the week-night prayer-meetings. This regular order does not vary during the year, except as special meetings are held, when it seems desirable or wise.

Teachers constantly seek opportunities for personal conversation with students on these subjects, and among the Christian students plans are formed for doing personal work among their fellow students. In these ways efforts are made not only for the conversion of the impenitent, but for the spiritual growth of the converts and for training them in Christian service.

We try to make all our religious work of such excellence that it will be a worthy model for our students in after-life. It is a great satisfaction to know that the results of these various forms of work are felt in many churches through the the State. The majority of our students are Christians when they come to us, but conversions take place every year among those who are not. A week of special services was recently held, resulting in several conversions, and we are hoping for further good results.



President Loughridge, of Bishop College, Marshall, Tex., writes:

"We are at our wit's end to know what to do with the students. We have enrolled 333, a number never reached before January 12th in any year's history hitherto. There are rooms for 80 girls in Bishop Hall, an increase of eight, made possible by having three lady teachers move up to the mansion and occupy the guest room. One more shift may be made and two more girls placed. With eighty-two as the utmost limit, we have ninety girls tonight and more coming tomorrow. In Marston Hall I have every room occupied, and more boys than I can put in all the beds, except with three in a bed. Several boys are sleeping three in a bed tonight, or on the floor. Two more beds will go up tomorrow, then I must resort to cots or doubling up. The rooms are too small to allow two beds of ordinary kind to be put in. My plan is to make here mantel beds that turn up and shut under curtains, using a common woven wire mattress for that part. In this way a double and a single bed can go in each room so as to add nearly a half to the capacity of each Hat. I am having carpenters make beds for two rooms to try the plan. I must have more beds and this will test the value of my idea. " Our teaching force is overworked. The two grammar grade teachers are handling now seventy-five and eighty-five each. Of course good work, best work, cannot be done. We should have another first-class teacher at once.

I received a cent of help from the North for building, and our institution carries the largest enrolment and stands for more Baptists than any other school in the State. We can enroll between 300 and 400 students if we can get the accommodation.





Bishop College Marshall Tex Miss Lulu Fowler




Spent five years in Bishop College graduating from the Normal Course in 1897 She has taught school in various places her most successful work being at Houston Academy where she was Acting Principal for nearly one year 



President Albert Loughridge, of Bishop College, Marshall, Texas, has resigned. During the three years of his administration he has largely increased the attendance at the college and made many improvements. His service has been very acceptable to the Home Mission Society, and his resignation is much regretted. It will be difficult to fill his place, as Bishop College is one of the largest and most important of our schools for the Negroes, and the conditions are such as to require a man of extraordinary administrative ability, industry, tact and good sense. President Loughridge retires for the purpose of returning to his work as a missionary among the Telugus which he reluctantly relinquished some years ago on account of the ill health of his wife, who is now, we are glad to say, fully restored. The best wishes of a host of friends will accompany President and Mrs. Loughridge to their foreign home, and the Missionary Union is to be congratulated on their return to its force of workers.





Bishop College Marshall Tex E K Chandler Jessie Davidson Hattie I Finney Hannah Pierson Mrs E K Chandler Mrs D E Harvey Mrs E L Allison Mrs Sarah Chester Miss Augusta Hodges Miss Charlotte Chester Miss Lola Fowler OA Fuller Miss T A Russel A G Davis John Hulshart 




Bishop College-Vote of Thanks.

The following resolution was offered by the writer on the 14th of May at the close of th.3 20th annual session of Bishop College, and was unanimously adopted by almost the entire school by a rising vote:—

Resolved, That a vote of thanks be tendered to the president and his noble faculty for the great work they have done during the three years of his administration. The school having advanced greatly in many respects as will be shown by comparing the catalogues. Our numbers have increased to 402, 34 more than have ever enrolled.

Resolved, Second, that our prayers, well wishes and God's bless ings attend him and his competent wife as they shall enter again the great missionary field of India. And that the same blessings attend Prof. Rice and Mrs. Chester who also do not expect to return.

Resolved, Further, that a copy of these resolutions be sent to the Home Mission Society of New York thanking them for sending to us President A. Loughridge, with the fervent prayer that God will direct you in securing another good man to fill the place made vacant by his untimely resignation. J. W. Bailey,

Pirtle, Tex.

Mr. Robert Williams of Waterloo, Iowa, has sent ten dollars to Bishop College which will be used in buying books for the library. One of the most promising indications in the work of the school is the constantly increasing use made of the library. Students take out books for general reading and on Saturday there is a call for Sunday reading. They consult books of reference in their literary work and are learning to gather and use facts in composition. Even the little children of the primary school are asking for books, and the library is able to supply them with reading suited to their age. All this shows growth of the reading habit and is a most healthful sign of progress. It emphasizes the need of more books and a larger scope of subjects. While the library has increased three-fold in the past two years, has had a room fitted up for its exclusive use and has been supplied with all the conveniences funds would allow, it is still small and insufficient for our needs. We are glad indeed when friends add to it as Mr. Williams has done.

Bishop College Student.




 Bishop College Marshall Tex AC Hill 



President A. B. Chaffee.

The many friends of Dr. A. B. Chaffee have been pleased to know that he is to take up the important work as president of Bishop College, Texas, succeeding Dr. Loughridge. Dr. Chaffee's varied training, his-long experience as a teacher and his career as president at Pella have given him a good equipment for the sort of educational work that Our Home Mission Society desires to maintain in its colleges in the South.

Arthur Billings Chaffee was born at Philadelphia, Pa., June 19, 1852. His parents were of New England stock. His father, James Chaffee, was born in Springfield, Mass.; he afterward removed to Philadelphia, where he was in mercantile business for over thirty years. His mother, Harriet Billings, was born at Somerville, Conn.

Dr. Chaffee received his early training in the public schools of Philadelphia. He graduated from Williston Seminary, East Hampton, Mass., in June, 1869. In 1876 he completed the classical course at Princeton University, receiving the degree of A. B. He graduated from the Rochester Theological Seminary in 1879 and the same year received the degree of A. M. from Princeton University. He was professor of Latin language and literature in Franklin College, Franklin, Ind., from 1879 to 1887. From 1887 to 1889 he was professor of chemistry and physics at the same institution. During the year of 1888 he took special work in chemistry at Harvard University. He received the degree of D.D. from Franklin College in 1894. He was special student in sociology at the University of Chicago, during the summer of 1895. The same year he was elected president of Central University at Pella and occupied that position until 1899. While there he become well and favorably known in Iowa educational circles.

His pastorates have been Seymour and South Bend, Ind., Mason City, Iowa, and the Forest Ave. Church at Des Moines. He was president of the State Baptist Y oung People's Union of Indiana in 1894 and 1895, and secretary of the Indiana State Convention from 1890 to 1894. In addition to his pastoral work in Des Moines he was professor of history and psychology at Des Moines College, having accepted that position in September, 1900. He was married May 14, 1879, to Laura C. Putnam at Saratoga Springs, N. Y. To them eight children have been given, seven of whom are still living.—The Standard.

Resolutions Commending Dr. A. B. Chaffee.

Whereas, Rev. A. B. Chaffee, D. D., Chancellor of the Iowa Baptist Sunday School Assembly for two seasons, has announced his acceptance of a call to the presidency of Bishop College, Marshall, Texas:

Be it resolved that we, of the assembly of 1901, do hereby express our sense of his eminent fitness for this work, as shown in his Christian courtesy, scholarly and executive ability, and devotion to the work of Christ. We recognize the wisdom shown by the American Baptist Home Mission Society in his appointment.

We would also express our sense of satisfaction with the valuable service rendered by our brother to this assembly, and record our feeling of personal loss in the removal of himself and family from our State.

We hope and pray that coming days may reveal results satisfactory to the worker and blessed to the uplifting of humanity.

We bid him Godspeed, commending him .to the never-failing help of that Master whose we are and whom we serve. 

F. M. Smith, H. C. Leland, J. K. Richardson,


IOwa Falls, Ia., August 15, 1901.






Bishop College, Marshall, Tex.—President. A. B. Chaffee. D. D..; Rev. David Zink. Ada Newell, Grace Adams, Josephine Cressy. Harold P. Chaffee.



Bishop College.


The friends of Bishop College will be pleased to learn of the auspicious beginning of another school year. The faculty with a few exceptions were in their places on the opening day, Oct. 3, ready to meet new students, and to welcome former ones. Notwithstanding the shortage of crops in this section the attendance exceeds that of last year. Indeed so many students have already registered that the question of more room for our students is made very prominent. At this writing about 200 pupils are enrolled, and there are as many boys as girls. Every day brings us new students. Many more are expected after the time of associations and state conventions. The late gathering of the cotton will keep some away till November, and then they will come and go up to the close of the school year. Last year's attendance of 402 was the largest in the history of the institution; but this year's enrollment promises to be still larger.

All the departments of work are in active operation excepting those of the music and sewing classes. Efforts are being made to fill the positions recently vacated by the resignation of teachers in these departments. However the demands of the school in these departments are being temporarily met by the other teachers. At present we have a force of sixteen teachers with two additional appointments about to be made.

Everything points to unity of effort through harmony in counsel and sympathy with each other's plans. What is true of the faculty is quite evident among the students. A more contented, cheerful and earnest body of students I have never met. Some new features in the administration meet with manifested approval. This is especially true of the encouragement given to rightly regulated athletic sports. The new features introduced this year in the division of work is quite likely to add much to the efficiency of the teachers. I refer to the selection of a special teacher for the industrial department, and the separate appointments of teachers for duties of preceptress, matron, and sewing teacher. Formerly only two teachers shared the arduous tasks of these departments, while at present three have charge.

The visit of Dr. H. L. Morehouse at Bishop was made the occasion for the first social function of the year. Wednesday evening, Oct. 1"), after a study period, the young ladies and gentlemen, with the Faculty, gathered in the parlors of Bishop Hall, the girls' dormitory building. The preceptress, Miss Josephine Cressey, and the matron, Mrs. Holbrook, had decorated the rooms with freshly cut roses and ferns, adding to the neatly furnished rooms some special pieces of rugs, vases and mats. After a social time Dr. Morehouse was called upon for some words, inasmuch as he was the guest of honor. He expressed himself as highly pleased with the students and their attainments. Instrumental and vocal music was rendered by some of the music pupils. After refreshments and a time for adieux the boys went to their dormitory, and the reception was over. General pleasure and satisfaction are even-where expressed.




The Following Teachers Were Appointed.

Bishop College. Marshall, Tex.—Miss Grace B. Gallison. Mrs. Pearl Holbrook, Matron.



The Following Teachers Were Appointed.

 Bishop College Marshall Tex AC Hill 



A very gratifying feature in connection with the Commencement Exercises of Bishop College was the conversion of a number of students just as the year's work closed. The feeling of the teachers in our school is that a measure of failure attends the work if the hearts of the unregenerate are not reached as well as their intellects. It forms a fitting close to a successful year at Bishop to record the new life experienced by fully a dozen students.

President A. B. Chaffee.



The Following Teachers Were Appointed.

Bishop College Marshall Tex Pros Arthur B Chaffee DD Rev John Hulshart Jessie Davidson OA Fuller DH Zuik Josephine Cressey Hannah Pierson Lulu Fowler Grace Adams Pearl Holbrook Ada Newell Ora Newell Portia Johnson AC Davis HP Chaf fee Grace Gallison Hattie I Finney Mrs AB Chaf fee Eleanor H Chaf fee 



The word from Bishop College is encouraging. President Chaffee tells us that the enrollment shows an increase of twenty over that at the same time last year, and, in general, a better class of pupils; 220 were present at the opening. Every department is moving smoothly under the guidance of capable instructors.



The Following Teachers Were Appointed.

Bishop College Marshall Tex Miss H Belle Bolinger Rev JJ Blackshear TH Adams 





Bishop College Marshall Tex Mrs AB Chaffee music 



The Baptist home mission monthly

by American Baptist Home Mission Society - 1901