Bishop College
Historically Black College


Bishop College Notes  1897 - 1898, The Baptist home mission monthly, Volumes 19-20





Patriotism at Bishop College.


All the 280 pupils, except the 60 in the Primary Department, were divided by a committee from the Faculty about the beginning of the present calendar year into two literary societies as nearly equal in ability as possible. A member of the Faculty acts as critic and counsellor at each meeting of each society. They meet every Saturday night. Once a month each society gives a program of exercises, open to the public. The first of these public meetings by each society were held on the Saturday evenings nearest the birthdays of Lincoln and Washington. Each program consisted of original contributions:, patriotic selections and songs of national character. The exercises were happily conceived, well arranged and carried out with great satisfaction to the large audiences that attended. The theological professor, on Sunday evening, February 21, drew lessons from Washington's boyhood which were stimulating and profitable.

In the fall a spirited no-license campaign in the city opened opportunities for a series of earnest temperance addresses to the students by President Wolverton and other members of the Faculty. In these ways have been mingled with the regular industrial and text-book training of the school lessons in patriotism and good citizenship, which it is believed will help prepare the students for the duties of American citizens in years to come.





Bishop College Marshall Texas Miss Pierson






Bishop College Marshall Texas Miss Mary E. Main





Texas—Bishop College.

We gladly give the following letter from the President of Bishop College a place in our columns :

" Editor Home Mission Monthly :

" Will you kindly express our warm appreciation of a splendid gift made by the colored people of this part of Texas. They have raised $279, and with it have purchased and presented to the Manual Training Department of this college an 18-inch engine lathe of the most modern design, together with a set of tools for the same. This shows their high appreciation of the work of this department. Yours very truly,





Bishop College, Marshall, Tex., one of the leading Home Mission Schools for the education of the colored people, is now seventeen years old. It has grown steadily from infancy until it has a beautiful campus of twenty-two acres ; two large brick dormitories to accommodate no students, a smaller frame building to accommodate sixteen more ; a very fine new brick building for chapel, library, office, classrooms, science laboratories ; ample kitchen, dining room, music rooms, teachers' residences, etc., and the brick shop well equipped for manual training. A conservative estimate places the value of the plant, including steam heating, furniture, apparatus, library, tools, machines, etc., at $94,000. No debt of any kind rests upon the property.

A staff of thirteen teachers and four assistants now teach the following courses: College Work, half the course, two years ; English Theological Course, one year; Professional Normal Course, one year; Academic Work, four years; Grammar School Work, three years ; Model School Work, equivalent to one year. Total, equal to twelve years.

In the above are included (1) a course in Manual Training requiring of each boy 80 minutes a day for four years, and (2) a course in Domestic Economy requiring of each girl 80 minutes a day for three years. Further, to aid students to secure an education, and to foster industry, all the work about the place, including the whole construction and equipment of a large shop, and other building, is done, under instruction, by the students.

The average attendance this year will not fall short of 275.

Old students of this school fill the majority of leading and responsible positions among me 500,000 colored Baptists in the State. Her students edit the papers, preside in most cases over all associations, conventions, and boards, and are pastors of the leading churches. They are the leading workers in both home and foreign mission work. They have charge of many of the leading city and public schools. Not less than 600 are now teaching. Some are

doctors, lawyers, dentists, etc., and many are farmers and mechanics. It is the only school of its kind west of the Miss i s s i p p i. The mass of the people is being slowly educated and the churches are demanding a much more highly educated ministry. We have not the money, and1 hence, not the teachers to meet this demand.

If you have read thus far you are convinced of three things: First, the work is of vast importance to the future of the denomination and to the colored people generally ; second, the scope of the work is very wide (necessarily so because good schools of any grade for the colored people are very few indeed); third, the staff of workers is very small for the amount of work done (more than 100 classes daily).


For last school year the receipts were : Fees paid by students for tuition and board, $8,451 ; grant from the Home Mission Society, $5,614 ; grant from the Slater Board, $2,000 ; grant from Woman's Home Mission Society, $1,500; collected from churches and individuals, $1,584. Total income, $19,149.


For salaries, $9,114; for sundry school supplies and labor, $1,131 ; for supplies for Boarding Department and labor, $4,527; for repairs and improvement, $3,755 ; for sundries, unclassified, $810. Total, $19,337. Deficit (since paid), $187.

If you have continued to read to this point you will be convinced of three other things : (1) The income is entirely inadequate for the work ; (2) the salaries are entirely inadequate to retain the best teachers; (3) the utmost economy is practiced.

You may also perceive a fourth fact, one which gives us all the most present and painful concern, viz. : Here is a large school, with a very large field, doing a wide and necessary work, and yet it is

A House Built Upon Sand.

All who know of educational institutions of to-day (such as are not supported by taxation) know that an endowment is the only rock foundation which can give any promise of permanence. From the above figures you will see that this school depends, year by year, absolutely upon annual votes of boards; boards which change, which may at any time change policy and plans; boards with uncertain incomes, and which are at all times under pressure for grants ten fold beyond their income.

These considerations now stand before our eyes in Italics. The foregoing figures are those of last year. Our income for this year is seriously different. On account of a change in policy the Slater Board voted us nothing for this year. A reconsideration gave us $1,000 Shall we get that next year ? Who can tell ? The Home Mission Board was compelled, by financial considerations, to reduce its appropriations to all schools. The Women's Society has deemed it best to withdraw all but $360. Because of the heroic effort to raise the nearly half a million to cancel Home and Foreign Societies' debts, the president of this school was advised not to canvass for special collections last summer. Total reduction in income, $3.604. Though we may fully grant that each action of each board was wise and right, yet that does not even "sooth our anguish," as we struggle to hold on to each department of work because each seems to be absolutely necessary.

Endowment Needed.

The time will come when the colored people can give more largely, but all these institutions will die long before they are able to endow them. If they, for another generation, support their churches and do a fair amount of mission work, and support a few minor schools, they will be doing all they can.

Millions are being put in endowments for schools for white Baptists in the North. This is well. The future will show very large dividends, not material but spiritual, from the investment. But, if such be needed for white Baptists of the North, how much more, a thousand times more, are they needed for the black Baptists of the South ?

Even the modest endowment of $100,000, with our present excellent plant, would save this work; would enable it to be made permanent. Such an investment, made for His sake, would produce grand dividends, dividends that would be drawn and enjoyed by thousands and thousands of colored youth who need help, and who need it now, and who would be benefited by that help more in proportion than any other people.

Respectfully submitted to all thoughtful Stewards of the Master.





Bishop College Marshall Tex Rev AP Loughridge President EK Chandler D D Mrs EK Chandler JRE Lee Miss J Davison Miss H Pierson Miss H Finney Mrs AE Gardner Mrs DE Harvey Mrs Mary E Main JB Watson JG Osborne Miss TA Russell 





Bishop College Marshall Texas A C Rice





Bishop College Marshall Texas Mrs Cora B Jones


The Baptist home mission monthly

- 1897