Bishop College
Historically Black College




Bishop College Notes  1895- 1896, The Baptist home mission monthly, Volumes 17-18



More Religion Needed, Too.

I notice in the February number of the Home Mission Monthly a contribution from Rev. Joseph A. Booker, of Arkansas Baptist College, Little Rock, Ark. In his article Bro. Booker prays for " an increased number of stars." I join with him in that prayer. At the same time, I am not willing to admit that, "so far as the colored man's inclination is concerned, he is sufficiently religious." To be religious, as is taught in our land, is to be godly; strict to right; dutiful to God and man ; Christ-like in our character and dealings. Taking this view, it is evident that the Negro needs more religion. I would agree that the Negro is sufliciently sentimental—too much so; but he is far from being sufficiently religious. In the same writing Bro. Booker says the need is " mental, moral and social development." I admit this. But what is moral development but duty to God, and hence religious! What is social development but duty and relation to our fellow-man, and hence religious. To be truly religious, is to know and do our duty to God and man. That religion (?) which does not govern a man morally and socially, should not be called religion. I should regret very much to see a development which excluded religion. out of the way. There has been so much written and said about the hard times and drought and suffering that I will not say much about it. Of course our people are just as needy in the western part of the State as other people, but I am glad that so much has been done, and hope that help will be given until, at least, the seeding time is happily past.

1, too, am engaged in the " star" department of the Home Mission work. At the same time I cannot feel that the missionary and institute work of the Society is of any less importance than the mental-development department. 1 regard the ministerial and missionary departments of our institutions of the first importance. If our wives and mothers can be taught to be more religious—to have that home and fireside religion, that family religion ; and if we can have a more religious ministry, pure, true, and loyal, we may hope for much to the glory of God and for the advancement of mankind. May our Lord so favor us that more means will come to the Society for our educational institutions, and may a great portion be given for the ministerial and missionary training departments. May more religion be the object of every one who contributes. J. R. E. Lee,

Bishop College, Marshall, Texas.




I herewith submit my report. I have only been in the work since October ist, 1894, and have not been able to accomplish as much as I desired, as many things have operated to hinder the work.


Texas has a population, according to the last census, of 2,235,523, of which 488,171 are colored.

The number of public schools for colored children is 22,244, and the number of children enrolled in the schools, 125,467.

We have about 1,300 church organizations; about 500 of these have no houses. We have about 950 ordained ministers. There are a great many communities which have no preaching. Our churches are far from having true ideas concerning mission work of any sort. Our ministry is advancing in the towns, but not much in the country. Our white Baptists, through their Convention, have been helping us to carry on our missionary work, but in many places they are beginning to take hold upon our ministers by teaching them, etc., all of which we greatly appreciate. We hope and trust they will from now on begin to do more for us. We indeed need it. Our Schools.

These are great factors in helping to bring about a better condition of things among us, not only in the Baptist fold, but among the people generally. Bishop College has been a great blessing to us, and with Brother Wolverton continuing at the head, greater blessings are yet to come. He is a man that loves us, and believes in putting Bishop College in a condition to do us the greatest good possible. Rest assured our people appreciate most heartily what is being done at Bishop. Hearne Academy has at its head a good, earnest, capable man. He desires to make Hearne a first-class academy, but hard times have almost discouraged our brother. We trust that the way will be open so that Professor Broyles may be able to accomplish his desire. This school has had many drawbacks. One year ago the boys' building burned down. This year the girls' building burned. It is contemplated to build on the new site, about one and a half miles from town (Hearne). Houston Academy, with Dr. Garnett and wife at the head, has moved off nicely, and we are looking for great results from this school. Our schools need money. We have about 500 students in these schools, about 320 being at Bishop. Out of this number we have about 38 preparing for the ministry.

Institute work among our people has done great good, and we hope to secure more of it for them.


This did great good. There are a great many capable young ministers who would be of great bencrit if they were only properly

trained. The majority are too poor to attend schools. Through the Society's aid about 10 were employed last summer to do missionary work for four months. They did good work, and by this work were enabled to attend school this year. We hope to be able to carry out the same arrangements if possible, although money is very scarce and the prospects are very gloomy.

Mission Spirit.

Our ministers, our churches, our people are in great need of the mission spirit. If there could be some way provided whereby we could gel hold of missionary literature of all kinds for free distribution, and sow Texas down, there would be great and lasting good accomplished. Many of our preachers have large families and don't feel able to even subscribe for our State denominational paper. Their salaries in most cases are small and poorly paid. Texas is a great field for missionary work.



Bishop College. Marshall, Texas. — Rev. N. Wolverton, President; Rev. D. Reddick, J. R. E. Lee, Miss J. Davidson, Miss B. Dix, F. N. Goble, Mrs. L. M. Jocelyn, W. R. Taylor, Miss M. C. Jones, S. T. Williamson. E. D. Pierson, E. M. Watson, Miss T. A. Russell, Miss J. L. Peck, Miss F. Dysart.

The Women's Baptist Home Mission Society, of Chicago, in addition to supporting missionaries who are at work at stations under our special care, have established and maintained Missionary Training Schools in connection with Shaw University, Bishop College and Spelman Seminary, and in addition to this have supported matrons in connection with other schools.




4. Bishop College, Marshall, Tex., founded 1881, incorporated 1885 ; Rev. N. Wolverton, President, 4 years ; teachers employed, white 9, colored 7; expended for teachers' salaries, by the Society $5,574, by the Woman's Society of Chicago $360, by the Slater Fund $1,500, total $7,434; expended for other purposes by the Society, $4,424.65 ; students enrolled, males 176, females 190, total 366 ; average attendance, day students 91, boarders 113, general average 204 ; received gratuity, 35 ; preparing for college, 39 ; pursuing college course, 4; receiving systematic instruction in industrial work, 180; preparing to teach, 125; preparing for the ministry, 35 ; pursuing ministers' course, 30 ; pursuing missionary training course, 14 ; conversions, 4.





The following appointments were made :

Ft. Worth, Tex. " N, Alexander, Student Miss'y, Bishop College District,


The following teachers were appointed :

Bishop College, Marshall, Tex.—Miss Bronson ; Miss Lasher.


The following teachers were appointed :

Bishop College, Marshall, Tex.—

Miss Hattie Finney Miss Grace E Howe JL Ford JG Osborne 



Rev. L. M. Luke, Corresponding Secretary and Financial Agent of the Baptist Foreign Mission Convention of ourcolored brethren at the South, died at Louisville, Ky., December 3151, 1895. This] event was most unexpected, as Brother Luke was only about thirty-five years of age and very vigorous. He entered Bishop College^at Marshall, Texas, about ten years ago, and in connection with the pastorate of a church in that city, acquired a very fair education. For three or four years he was a missionary of the Society in Texas, leaving this work for that of Foreign Missions, 'to which his brethren heartily called him. For more than three years he labored untiringly and with considerable success in awakening the interests of the colored Baptists of the South in Africa's evangelization. He was full of zeal and enthusiasm in all that he did. His sorrowing wife, who has been studying at Spelman Seminary, will have the sympathies' and prayers of multitudes who knew and loved her husband.




Bishop College.

Dear Bro.:—I have long wanted to write something for the Monthly with regard to the usefulness of our great Negro school at Marshall, Texas.

In presenting this article to your readers, it may be necessary for me to say that I have been in Texas more than thirty years, twentyone of which have been spent in the ministry and twelve years on the field as General State Missionary of Texas.

I have watched with no small degree of interest the movement of every enterprise in this State conducted for the betterment of my race. It is a patent fact that Bishop College is now and has been, from the day of its organization, a source of denominational pride and untold usefulness for the entire country. Hundreds of the best families of the State have taken advantage of it for the educational development of their children. Its reputation for good work is not surpassed by any school

for our people North or South. It is molding moral and intellectual giants for the race and denomination.

In laying the foundation for such a large and useful institution of learning, Drs. S. W. Marston and S. W. Culver said and did many things which were not understood by their Texas brethren. But they went sturdily on, knowing that they would be understood as knowledge increased among our people. Day is breaking, the light of their work is now shining forth to the full satisfaction of the intelligent and respectable people of Texas.

We will never know how to appreciate properly the sacrifices, anxiety, care, toil and tears given for our race by these God-sent agents of the Home Mission Society. The friends of the school are getting closer to it, and are thereby making for it more friends of both races. The influence of the school is felt everywhere and in nearly everything done in the State for the good of the church, the State, and society. Hundreds of young men who have been schooled at Bishop College are to-day intelligent voters, useful citizens, and industrious laborers. Students from this school are representing nearly all of the professions, such as law, medicine, the ministry, and teaching. Young women who entered this college ten and fifteen years ago are now godly and pious mothers. The school has been the very life ot our denomination in this State. The leading and most useful churches in Texas are pastored by Bishop College students. We have three denominational papers in the State, and they are all edited and published by students from Bishop College. Many of her students are presidents of conventions, moderators, and clerks of associations.

In a private conversation with the State Superintendent of Education a few months ago, he expressed a very high regard for the thorough work done at that school. The enrollment is growing larger and larger every year, and its friends are multiplying daily.

Our people gave to that school last year over six hundred dollars at one collection. One colored man has given $100 recently. The work of Dr. Culver will long live in the memory of he c o lored race for the faithful and untiring service rendered our people in founding and running that school ten years. It is the greatest piece, of work ever accomplished by him. He laid the foundation so deep and broad, it is no wonder that his successor is enabled to carry it on to further development. The Home Mission Society could not have found a more broad-minded, Christian-hearted and industrious gentleman than Rev. N. Wolverton. He is, indeed, a far-sighted, energetic, hardworking man. Bishop College, with its Normal, Industrial, Theological and Missionary Training Departments, is destined to be a great school. More than a million Negroes live within three hundred miles of it. One-half million are in Texas, to say nothing . of the many thousands in Southern Arkansas and Northern Louisiana. As the days go by, and the usefulness of the school is seen, its borders must be enlarged and its facilities increased, not only to retain its well-gotten reputation, but te keep pace with the times. I favor the plan of co-operation, and hope two million dollars will be raised as an endowment for our schools. A. R. Griggs,

Fort Worth, Texas.




The following Teachers were appointed:
Bishop College Marshall Texas JRE Lee Miss J Davidson GE Howe Mrs LM Jocelyn N Alexander Miss TA Russell F Finney FN Goble 





The following Teachers were appointed:
E. K. Chandler, D.D., Bishop College, Marshall, Tex.
Mrs. E. K. Chandler,  Miss Belva Dix, Mrs. D. E. Harvey, Matron, Mrs. A. E.Gardner, J. L. Ford, J. B. Watson, J. A. Hamilton, Mamie G. Jones, 





The Baptist home mission monthly

by American Baptist Home Mission Society - 1895