Each One Teach One: The Education of The Texas  Freedmen 

The Vanguard: Freedmen's Bureau Educators

Rev. William Massey was born in slavery, escaped and enlisted in the Union army, He was among the first colored teachers in Texas. Rev. Massey's education was not very extensive, and he never attended school. His alphabet was taught him by his young mistress at Alexandria, Va. He was one of the founders and served as the first president of the Baptist State Convention of Texas, He was president for fourteen years.  He also served as one of two vice presidents of the National Baptist Convention. 


Caroline Poe

William Massey

Letters of Byron Porter to Lizzie Clay

Education for Freedmen

American Missionary Association Educators 

George Thompson Ruby