Incorporation of Marshall



Approved, December 31st, 1844.


AN ACT For the incorporation of the town of Marshall in the county of Harrison. 

 Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas in Congress assembled, That the citizens of the town of Marshall be, and they are, hereby, declared a body corporate and politic, under the name and style of the corporation of the town of Marshall-who shall have the power of suing and being sued, pleading and being impleaded, and to hold and dispose of real and personal property, provided, such real estate is situated within the limits of said corporation. 

Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the citizens of the said corporation, to elect eight Aldermen and a Mayor, who shall be, ex officio, a Justice of the Peace. A Treasurer and Secretary shall be selected, by said Aldermen, from their own body; and a collector, shall be elected by the citizens of said corporation. The Treasurer and collector, shall be required, to give bond, with security to be approved of by the presiding officer, for the faithful performance of their duties, and to make reports when required by the Mayor or board of Aldermen; that the citizens of said corporation, shall elect a Constable; that the Mayor shall have power, when necessary, to suppress riots and disturbances, to call out the citizens of said corporation for the purpose of restoring order.

 Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the first election shall be held under the direction of the Chief Justice of the county of Harrison, after having given ten days notice thereof, and annually afterwards, under the direction of the Mayor, at least ten days before the expiration of his term of office, and that in case of death or resignation, the vacancy or vacancies, shall be filled by new elections, to be ordered by the Mayor, and in case of the death or resignation of the Mayor, the board of Aldermen shall elect one of their own body, to act as Mayor, until the next annual election. 

Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That no person, shall be eligible to hold an office in said corporation, or to vote for the officers there-of unless he shall have resided in, and be a free holder in the same, during the period of six months, immediately preceding such election, and have acquired the rights of citizenship in conformity with the laws of this Republic. 

Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the Mayor and board of Aldermen of said corporation, shall have power to pass such rules and ordinances as may be necessary for the regulation of the police, and the preservation of order within the corporation limits; to levy taxes for the removal of nuisances, and keeping the streets in good order; and shall have the further power to prescribe penalties for the violation of such ordinances, or by-laws; Provided, however, that in no case, shall such penalty exceed one hundred dollars.

 Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the limits of said corporation, shall extend one-half mile in a square, so laid off, as to leave the public square in the centre of said corporation. 

Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That the Mayor, with a majority of said Aldermen shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, they shall enact and enforce such rules and regulations, as they may deem necessary for the government of said corporation; provided, the same does not conflict with the constitution and laws of the Republic. Approved, December 31st, 1844.




Source: Gammel's The Laws of Texas