Education Census  1870-1920

 

 

Wife of Negro sharecropper teaching her children their ABCs. Near Marshall, Texas

Education Research Notes

Teachers

Yearbook

 EDUCATION AND LITERACY 1870

   
TOTAL NO. PERSONS ATTENDING SCHOOL 687
NATIVE-BORN PERSONS ATTENDING SCHOOL 687
FOREIGN-BORN PERSONS ATTENDING SCHOO 0
NO. WHITE MALES ATTENDING SCHOOL 283
NO. WHITE FEMALES ATTENDING SCHOOL 292
NO. COLORED MALES ATTENDING SCHOOL 53
NO. COLORED FEMALES ATTENDING SCHOOL 59
NO. PERSONS 10 AND OVER WHO CANNOT READ 5,455
TOTAL NO. PERSONS WHO CANNOT WRITE 5,619
NATIVE-BORN PERSONS WHO CANNOT WRITE 5,617
FOREIGN-BORN PERSONS WHO CANNOT WRITE 2
NO. WHITE MALES 10-14 WHO CANNOT WRITE 58
NO. WHITE FEMALES 10-14 WHO CANNOT WRITE 35
NO. WHITE MALES 15-20 WHO CANNOT WRITE 25
NO. WHITE FEMALES 15-20 WHO CANNOT WRITE 10
NO. WHITE MALES 21 AND OVER WHO CANNOT  WRITE 27
NO. WHITE FEMALES 21 AND OVER WHO CANNOT WRITE 35
NO. COLORED MALES 10-14 WHO CANNOT WRITE 490
NO. COLORED FEMALES 10-14 WHO CANNOT  WRITE 401
NO. COLORED MALES 15-20 WHO CANNOT WRITE 452
NO. COLORED FEMALES 15-20 WHO CANNOT  WRITE 531
NO. COLORED MALES 21 AND OVER WHO CANNOT WRITE 1,838
NO. COLORED FEMALES 21 AND OVER WHO CANNOT WRITE 1,717
   

 

EDUCATION AND LITERACY 1890

   
MALE WHITE TEACHERS IN COMMON SCHOOLS 21
FEMALE WHITE TEACHERS IN COMMON SCHOOLS 19
MALE COLORED TEACHERS IN COMMON SCHOOLS 46
FEMALE COLORED TEACHERS IN COMMON SCHOOLS 27
MALE WHITE PUPILS IN COMMON SCHOOLS 1,184
FEMALE WHITE PUPILS IN COMMON SCHOOLS 1,321
MALE COLORED PUPILS IN COMMON SCHOOLS 1,453
FEMALE COLORED PUPILS IN COMMON SCHOOLS 1,677
   

 

 EDUCATION AND LITERACY 1900

LITERATE NATIVE WHITE MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 2,409
ILLITERATE NATIVE WHITE MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 76
LITERATE NATIVE NEGRO MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 1,868
ILLITERATE NATIVE NEGRO MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 2,402
OTHER LITERATE NATIVE COLORED MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 1
OTHER ILLITERATE NATIVE COLORED MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 0
LITERATE NATURALIZED FOREIGN-BORN MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 85
ILLITERATE NATURALIZED FOREIGN-BORN MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 1
LITERATE FOREIGN-BORN MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 50
ILLITERATE FOREIGN-BORN MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 0
LITERATE FOREIGN-BORN ALIEN MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 10
ILLITERATE FOREIGN-BORN ALIEN MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 2
LITERATE FOREIGN-BORN MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 19
ILLITERATE FOREIGN-BORN MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 0
NATIVE WHITE ILLITERATES 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER OF NATIVE PARENTAGE 211
NATIVE WHITE ILLITERATES 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER OF FOREIGN PARENTAGE 11
FOREIGN-BORN WHITE ILLITERATES 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 5
TOTAL COLORED ILLITERATES 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 6,516
NEGRO ILLITERATES 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 6,514
   

 

 EDUCATION AND LITERACY 1910

TOTAL ILLITERATE MALES OF VOTING AGE 1,922
ILLITERATE NATIVE WHITE MALES OF VOTING AGE 119
ILLITERATE FOREIGN-BORN WHITE MALES OF VOTING AGE 12
ILLITERATE NEGRO MALES OF VOTING AGE 1,791
ILLITERATE PERSONS TEN YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 4,960
ILLITERATE NATIVE WHITE PERSONS TEN YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 286
ILLITERATE FOREIGN-BORN WHITE PERSONS TEN YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 27
ILLITERATE NEGROES TEN YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 4,647
ILLITERATE PERSONS 10-20 YEARS OF AGE 796
PERSONS 6-20 YEARS OF AGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 8,118
PERSONS 6-9 YEARS OF AGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 2,099
PERSONS 10-14 YEARS OF AGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 3,988
PERSONS 15-17 YEARS OF AGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 1,542
PERSONS 18-20 YEARS OF AGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 489
PERSONS 6-14 YEARS OF AGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 6,087
NATIVE WHITE PERSONS 6-14 YEARS OF AGE OF NATIVE PARENTAGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 1,978
NATIVE WHITE PERSONS 6-14 YEARS OF AGE OF FOREIGN OR MIXED PARENTAGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 118
FOREIGN-BORN WHITE PERSONS 6-14 YEARS OF AGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 4
NEGROES 6-14 YEARS OF AGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 3,987
   

HARRISON COUNTY. 1910

.     White Negro.
Population, 1910     13, 544 23,698
Children 6 to 14 years of age, 1910     2, 791 6,189
Teachers' salaries in public schools, 1909-10     $42,860 $25, 131
Teachers' salaries per child, 6 to 14, in county     $15. 35 $4. 06
Percentage illiterate, 1910     2.9 27.8
         
         

The rural population is 69.3 per cent of the total. The average attendance according to the census of 1910 is 2,100 white pupils and 3,987 colored pupils.

These statistics indicate the need for additional school facilities. The work of the elementary schools should be extended and strengthened. A small public school doing about two years of high-school work is maintained at Jefferson. A fairly good city high school is also maintained by the city of Marshall. The two large private schools should both increase the emphasis on teacher training and extend their facilities for teaching agriculture and industry to the pupils who come from the rural district of the State; effort should be made to develop cooperation between them.

Sketch from Negro Education: A Study of the Private and Higher Schools
 
 

 

 

 EDUCATION AND LITERACY 1920

PERSONS 7-13 YEARS OF AGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 7,228
TOTAL PERSONS 14 AND 15 YEARS OF AGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 1,906
TOTAL PERSONS 16 AND 17 YEARS OF AGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 1,155
PERSONS 18-20 YEARS OF AGE ATTENDING SCHOOL 483
ILLITERATE PERSONS TEN YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 4,999
ILLITERATE NATIVE WHITE PERSONS TEN YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 199
ILLITERATE FORIEGN-BORN WHITE PERSONS TEN YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 15
ILLITERATE NEGROES TEN YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 4,783
ILLITERATE PERSONS 16-20 YEARS OF AGE 434
ILLITERATE MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 2,129
ILLITERATE NATIVE-WHITE MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 94
ILLITERATE FOREIGN-BORN WHITE MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 6
ILLITERATE NEGRO MALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 2,028
ILLITERATE FEMALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 2,217
ILLITERATE NATIVE WHITE FEMALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 77
ILLITERATE FOREIGN-BORN WHITE FEMALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 9
ILLITERATE NEGRO FEMALES 21 YEARS OF AGE AND OVER 2,130
   

 

Sources: The information on this page was extracted from the  Historical United States Census Data Browser  website.