Wiley College
Historically Black College



A school of secondary grade with pupils in college classes and a large elementary enrollment. The student body is promising. The strong management is handicapped by an organization too elaborate for the resources of the institution. The school is recognized by the State boards of examiners of Texas and Louisiana. The work of King Home is an integral part of the educational activities of the college.

The institution was founded in 1873 by the Freedmen's Aid Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church and chartered in 1882. It is owned and supervised by the society.

Attendance.—Total, 384; elementary 176, secondary 170, college classes 38. Of the pupils above the elementary grades, 89 were male and 119 were female; 156 were boarders. Of those reporting home addresses, 37 were from Marshall, 118 from other places in Texas, and 53 from other States. There were 54 from farm homes. The reported enrollment for the year was 439.

Teachers and-workers.—Total, 26; all colored; male 14, female 12; elementary 4; academic 8, industrial 3, music 5, matrons 2, others 4.*

Organization.—Elementary: Elementary work is done in the English department, which includes the fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth grades.

Secondary : The course of study is based on that prepared by the Freedmen's Aid Society, with increased emphasis on the classical studies. The work is divided into two courses, college preparatory and normal, the former enrolling 86 pupils and the latter 84 pupils. The subjects of the college preparatory course are: Latin, 4 years; Greek, 2; mathematics, 3.5; English, 3; elementary science, 3; history, 2. Brief time is given to Bible and civics. The normal course includes : English, 4 years; mathematics, 3; Latin,3; science, 2; and a small amount of agriculture, physiology, and teacher-training subjects.

College classes: The program of college studies provides excessive time for foreign languages. In the freshman and sophomore classes practically all pupils are taking io periods a week of languages and a few report 14 periods. The ages of some pupils in this department indicate that entrance requirements are not strictly enforced. The effort to maintain a college department with only eight teachers, and these already overburdened with secondary work, is not justified.

Music: A department of "musical art" with three teachers is outlined in the catalogue. In view of the limited force of teachers in the academic and industrial departments, the maintenance of three teachers of music is unusual.

Industrial:2 The courses in tailoring, printing, and manual training for boys are ineffective. The teachers are poorly prepared. The time allowed is insufficient and almost entirely confined to the elementary classes. Cooking and sewing are effectively taught at King Home.

Financial, 1912-13.—The books are carefully kept in accordance with the system of the Freedmen's Aid Society. The more important items for the year were:

Income, excluding noneducational receipts $10,420
Expenditures, less noneducational receipts 9,920
Value of plant 197, 000

Sources of income: Freedmen's Aid Society, $4,950; tuition and fees, §4,870; Slater Fund, $600. The noneducational receipts were from the boarding department and amount to-$11,875. In addition to the income and expenditure for educational purposes $2,948 was raised, mostly from colored churches, for the new boys' dormitory.

Items of expenditure: Salaries, $10,423; supplies for boarding department, $4,523; student labor, $1,313; equipment, $962; power, light, heat, and water, $749; repairs, $746; interest, taxes, and insurance, $739; advertising and soliciting funds, $220; other expenses (chiefly on new building), $1,182. The cash balance at the end of the year amounted to $500.

Plant.—Land: Estimated value, $48,000. The land comprises about 60 acres, with 10 acres used for campus, 15 acres rented out, about 8 acres cultivated by the school and 27 acres in pasture. The campus was well kept and presented a neat appearance.

Buildings: Estimated value, $135,000. The buildings consist of the main hall, a brick structure four stories high, used for dining room, chapel, and girls' dormitory; two small two-story brick buildings used for classrooms; two frame buildings used for classrooms and girls' dormitories; a laundry and bathhouse; three frame cottages used by teachers; a large two-story frame house used for president's home; the Carnegie Library; and the new boys' dormitory, a three-story brick building in course of erection. The president's home was built by contributions from students' friends and the Texas Church Conferences. The library is the result of a gift of $15,000 by Andrew Carnegie. It is of neat design, two stories high, and one of the best libraries in colored schools. Most of the buildings are lighted by the school electrical plant.

Movable equipment: Estimated value, $14,000. Furniture, $5,000; library books, $4,500; equipment of laundry and electric plant, $3,400; farm equipment and live stock, $600; scientific apparatus, $500.

Recommendations.—i. That college c»asses be restricted to work of junior college grade until the secondary course is on a sound basis.
2. That a teacher-training course with ample practice teaching be developed.
3. That courses in elementary science, history, and social studies be strengthened.
4. That the theory and practice of gardening and the industrial courses be made effective.1

Dates of visits : March, 1914; March, 1915; December, 1915.

1 King Home workers are not included. 1 Following the loss of the industrial building through fire in 1915. the industrial courses have*been given up substitute.

1 Exclusive of boarding department. J See recommendations in summary chapter, p. 32,

 Sketch from Negro Education: A Study of the Private and Higher Schools