Paul Quinn College
Historically Black College








        Paul Quinn College is not the result of an impulse, but of well-considered promptings. While the establishment of the school in its present scope may be dated from 1881, the real beginning of the institution took place in Austin, in 1874, when, after discussion and prayer, it was decided to found a "Conference High School" in Austin, which was done.

        It was thought best, however, to broaden the purpose of the school and locate it in the town or city that offered the best inducements. Several places vied for the location, and after a very interesting canvass of the State, Waco, by reasons of liberal donations, eligible and beautiful situation, was chosen as the site.

        The promoters were, in the main, uneducated men, with no experience in, and but little observation of, school matters; but all were impressed with two things: first, the necessity of a school for higher learning in Texas; secondly, the need of the negro's assuming responsibility and depending upon self-help, if he would ever reach the full stature of manhood. While grateful for schools established in the South by members of the other race, and appreciating fully their benefactions, the founders of Paul Quinn thought that self-reliance was an essential part of a perfect education, and that could only come through the onus of managing enterprises calling for sacrifice, planning, devising, suffering, triumphing, in the first person.

        Paul Quinn College is under Negro management, and is doing as much as any institution in the land to teach the lesson of self-help. It is an object lesson of Negro capacity to plan, manage, and promote enterprises involving self-denial and hard work.

        The growth of the school has been steady and solid. Bishop Atticus G. Haygood, while agent for the Slater fund, visited it and said it was the best managed and conducted school he had seen.

        The school property consists of twenty acres of land, worth $65,000; two brick buildings and one brick addition; ten frame buildings; eight teachers; 225 students enrolled.

        For the second time in the history of this school Rev. I. M. Burgan, A. M., has been elected as President of Paul Quinn College. He is a graduate of Wilberforce, and the institution has just cause to be proud of him. His election this time is to succeed Prof. H. T. Kealing, who was elected as editor of the A. M. E. Review. The fact that Mr. Burgin has been the second time placed at the head of this institution speaks well for his ability as an educator.

Sketch from Evidences of Progress Among Colored People
by G. F. Richings - 1903

Image Caption:

  Rt. Rev. Wm. Paul Quinn. Senior Bishop A. M. E. Church, 1848-1873. The Pioneer.




History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church; by Daniel A. Payne. Edited by Rev. C. S. Smith. (published 1891)



Library Division:

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture / Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division




2 p. l., iii-xvi, 502 p. : front., ports. 23 cm.



Item/Page/Plate Number:

opp. Pg. 407



Specific Material Type:





African American bishops



Additional Name(s):

Payne, Daniel Alexander, 1811-1893  -- Author



Collection Guide:

Africana & Black History



Digital Image ID:




Digital Record ID:




Digital Record Published:

9-29-2005; updated 10-3-2007



NYPL Call Number:

Sc Rare 287-P (Payne, Daniel A. History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church)


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