Huston-Tillotson University
Historically Black College




TILLOTSON COLLEGE. President: I. M. Agard.1

A school of secondary grade with a few pupils in college classes and a large elementary enrollment. It has a large plant and an equipment for simple industrial courses. The teachers are well trained. The school was founded in 1877 and opened in 1881 by the American Missionary Association of the Congregational Church. It is owned and maintained by that association and controlled by a board of trustees.

Attendance.—Total, 223; elementary 135, secondary 70, in college classes 18; male 95, female 128; boarders, 139. There were a few special students. Of the pupils above the seventh grade, 33 were from Austin, 53 from other places in Texas, and 2 from other States. The reported enrollment for the year was 314.

Teachers and -workers.—Total, 20; white 14, colored 6; male 7, female 13; grades 4, academic 7, music 3, girls' industries 2, boys' industries 2, matron 1, Bible 1.

Organization.—Elementary: The four upper elementary grades are well taught.

Secondary: The secondary work is arranged in groups of required and elective subjects. The subjects required of all are: English, 3 years; mathematics, 3; elementary sciences, 3.5', civics, .5, Bible, 1; music, .5. Thirty-three pupils elected Latin, 8 education, 8 ethics, 15 physics, 7 history, 3 commercial subjects, 2 chemistry, 1 Greek. It is unfortunate that the emphasis is on mathematics in the required group and on Latin in the elective.

College classes: The college work consists of advanced English, ancient languages, and mathematics, with limited courses in economics, Bible, logic, and biology. The teaching force and equipment are too limited to attempt college work. Industrial: Cooking and sewing are taught by well-trained teachers. The equipment for manual courses is ample, but the teachers have had only slight training for the work. The courses are required through the ninth grade.

Financial, 1913-14.—The financial management is under the control of the American Missionary Association. A simple and effective system of accounts has been installed recently. The more important items for the year were :

Income, excluding noneducational receipts $12, 792
Expenditures, less noneducational receipts 12, 792
Value of plant 103, 500

Sources of income: American Missionary Association, $8,581; tuition and fees, $2,693; donations, $1,064; other sources, $454. The noneducational receipts amounted to $7,618, of which $6,635 was from the boarding department and $983 from farm and other sales.

Items of expenditure: Salaries, $6,964; supplies for boarding department, $6,217; other supplies, $1,930; heat, light, and water, $155; equipment. $966; repairs, $850; student aid and labor, $775; outside labor, $22; other expenses, $1,531.

Plant.—Land: Estimated value, $25,000. The land comprises 22 acres of desirable property on the edge of town. None of the land is used for instruction in agriculture.

Buildings: Estimated value, $70,000. There are four large buildings and two smaller structures. The main building, used for classrooms, administration, and boys' dormitory, is a brick structure four stories high; the girls' dormitory is a brick building tree stories high; the new administration building and the industrial building are of concrete-block construction; two small two-story frame buildings are used for laundry and other purposes. The buildings are without adequate fire protection and some of the boys' rooms are poorly kept.

Movable equipment: Estimated value, $8,500. Of this, $5,000 was in furniture, 2, 000 in shop equipment, and $1,500 in library books and fixtures, scientific apparatus, and other equipment.

Recommendations.—1. That increased emphasis be given to teacher training, history, and elementary science. The maintenance of college classes should not be allowed to interfere with these necessary subjects.1
2. That the theory and practice of gardening be made part of the regular course.
3. That the supervision of boys' dormitory be more effective.

Date of visit: April, 1914. 19


" White.



Negro Education: A Study of the Private and Higher Schools