Huston-Tillotson University
Historically Black College




SAMUEL HUSTON COLLEGE. President: J. W. Frasier.1

A school of secondary grade with a large elementary enrollment and a few pupils in college studies. The management has won the confidence of white and colored people, but the effort to maintain college classes limits the development of other departments. The Eliza Dee Industrial Home for girls is maintained in connection with the institution. The institution was founded in 1900 by President Lovinggood, and it is owned and supervised by the Freedmen's Aid Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

Attendance.—Total, 377; elementary 267, secondary 92, in college studies 18; boarders, 150. Of the pupils above the seventh grade, 55 were male and 63 female; 18 were from Austin, 97 from other places in Texas, and 3 from other States; 51 were from fams homes. The reported enrollment for the year was 405.

Teachers and workers.—Total, 17; all colored; male 8, female 9; elementary 5, academy 6 (5 reporting part time to college), industrial 1, music 1, commercial 1, matrons 2, laundry 1.

Organization.—Elementary: The eight grades with large enrollment are in crowded classrooms.

Secondary: The secondary work is given in two four-year courses, "college preparatory," with 44 pupils, and "normal" with 48 pupils. The college preparatory includes: Latin,4 years; Greek or Spanish, 2; mathematics, 3; English, 2.5; history and civics, 2 ; elementary science,2.5; physiology, 1; Bible, 1. The normal course includes: Latin, 2 years ; mathematics, 3 ; history and civics, 2 ; English, 3 ; physiology, 1 ; Bible, .5; agriculture, 1 ; science, 1.5.. Psychology and pedagogy are taught in the junior and senior years, and in the senior year methods and review occupy practically the whole course. The teaching force of six, already heavily burdened with secondary courses, is entirely inadequate for the college work attempted.

Industrial : The boys' industrial work, with the exception of tailoring, has been abandoned. Recently an industrial building was erected, but it is now used for music, science, and the elementary classes crowded out of the main building by the higher classes. Cooking and sewing are effectively taught at the Eliza Dee Home, which is across the street from the school.

Financial, 1912-13.—The accounts are kept carefully in accordance with the system of the Freedmen's Aid Society. The more important items were:

Income, excluding noneducational receipts $14, 803
Expenditures, less noneducational receipts 11, 706
Value of plant 96, 000

Income: Donations, $6,321; Freedmen's Aid Society, $4,429; tuition and fees, $4,053. The noneducational receipts amounted to $14,375, of which $11,391 was from the boarding department, $1,982 from the shops, and $1,002 from books sold. ;

Expenditures: Supplies for boarding department, $11,662; salaries, $8,244; shop equipment, $2,604; books to be sold, $2,079; repairs, $721 ; piano and typewriter, $445; student aid, $222 ; other expenses, $24. The unexpended balance for the year amounted o $3.197-

Plant.—Land: Estimated value, $23,000. The school owns a city block and several lots, together with about 8 acres outside the city limits. A part of the land is used for truck garden..

Buildings: Estimated value, $65,000. There are three neat brick buildings. The main building, four stories high, is used for administration, chapel, dining room, and girls' dormitory. The boys' dormitory, four stories high, is of good, simple design. The laundry building is a frame structure two stories high. Across the street from the main building is a frame building used for girls' dormitory.

Movable equipment: Estimated value, $8,000. Of this, $5,000 was in furniture, 1,400 in shop equipment, $900 in library books and fixtures, $450 in farm equipment and live stock, $250 in scientific apparatus.

Recommendations.—1. That the effort to maintain college classes be deferred until the secondary and industrial departments are adequately supplied with teachers and equipment.1
2. That more provision be made for the training of teachers and special emphasis laced on the preparation of teachers for rural schools.

Date of visit : April, 1914.

1 See Austin statement, p. 593.

1 Elected since date of visit. 9 Workers at Eliza Dee Home are not included.



Sketch from Negro Education: A Study of the Private and Higher Schools