Houston Academy
Historically Black College


Rev. J. H. Garnett, President of Houston College



Sketch from Negro Education: A Study of the Private and Higher Schools

HOUSTON COLLEGE. President: J. T. Hodges.1

An elementary school with a few secondary pupils, offering a limited amount of industrial work. The institution is fairly well managed, and the buildings are clean and well kept. The school was founded in 1885 by the Baptist Missionary and Educational Association of Texas and is controlled by a board of colored trustees elected by that body. It receives aid from the American Baptist Home Mission Society.2

Attendance.—Total, 109; elementary 91, secondary 18.

Teachers.—Total, 9; all colored; male 4, female 5. One teacher gives full time and one part time to industrial work.

Organization.—Elementary: The eight elementary grades are well taught. A little instruction in cooking and sewing is provided for the girls and gardening for the boys.

Secondary: The subjects in the so-called "academy" course are: Latin, 3.5 years; English, 2; mathematics, 4; chemistry, 2; physics, 2; biology, 1; geology, 1 ; history, 2.5; Bible, 1.5, music, 1.5, methods, 2.5; agriculture, 1.5; drawing, 1. Greek is elected by a majority of the secondary pupils. A few students take theology.

Financial, 1912-13.—The accounts are kept on a simple cash basis and the various transactions are not shown separately. As far as could be determined the more important items were:

Income, excluding noneducational receipts $4, 254
Expenditures, less noneducational receipts 3, 773
Indebtedness 3, 000
Value of plant 30,000

Sources of income: Tuition and donations from colored people, $3,279 (partly estimated); American Baptist Home Mission Society, $500; State Baptist conventions, $350; donations from white people, $125. The total receipts from board, tuition, and donations from colored people, which could not be shown separately, amounted, to $6,279. It is estimated that of this sum $3,000 was from the boarding department and this amount is excluded as noneducational receipts.

Items of expenditure: Salaries, $2,529; expenses of boarding department, $2,366; repairs and maintenance, $900; other expenses, $978.

Indebtedness : The indebtedness of $3,000 was secured by a mortgage on the entire plant.

Plant.—Land: Estimated value, $13,000. The school land comprises about four acres on the outskirts of the city, most of it used for campus. A small portion is used for school garden. Some effort has been made to beautify the grounds with shade trees and walks.

Buildings: Estimated value, $11,500. The buildings are all of frame construction. They include the main school building, a three-story structure 40 by 70 feet; three 2-story buildings; a laundry and domestic science building; and a small cottage. Most of the buildings are painted and present a neat appearance.

Movable equipment: Estimated value, $5,500. Of this, $4,000 was in the power plant and shop equipment, and $1, 500 in furniture, books in library, and farm equipment.

Recommendations.—This school should increase its attendance from the rural districts and adapt its training to preparing teachers and other workers for rural schools. To this end provision should be made for teacher training, gardening and simple manual training.1

Date of visit: March, 1914.

1 Elected since date of visit.

2This aid has been discontinued since date of visit.



  Image: NYPL Digital Gallery, The New York Public Library  Digital ID: 413610