Historically Black College
BISHOP COLLEGE—Marshall, Texas. Albert Loughridge, President.
" Enclosed please find reports of work done by teachers paid by appropriation from your Board. Permit me to call your attention to the special work of teacher-training in the college. In addition to the course of pedagogical instruction oflered in previous years, the college last year published a special Normal course. That of former years still remains, and its degree is given only to persons who complete the four years' English course and follow it by at least one year's study of professional subjects and practice teaching. But there are many persons who cannot spend five years here, who can spend three or four. To such persons the college offers a four years' course of study that conforms in all its essential features to the courses of State normal schools in the Southwest, especially to those of Texas, Arkansas and Louisiana, from whence our students come. For this course a diploma is offered, just as is offered to graduates of the Academic courses.
" I am glad to report that this course is proving to be attractive, and has been elected by a strong proportion of our academic students—36 having enrolled for the course. Every resource shall be used to build up a strong teachers' training department here.
" The two teachers supported by your Board have done excellent work, and are worthy of confidence and support. I heartily wish and even hope that your Board can increase the grant to at least $1,500, that we may be able to employ a model teacher for grammar-grade work. The needs are great, the conditions appalling in many places, and the demand for teacher- training incessant. I cannot meet present demands without two additional teachers. I beg to call attention to our geographical situation as having a large bearing on our conditions. This is the "black belt" of Texas and northern Louisiana. Louisiana lies to the east of Texas, and with conditions that date back 100 years, it is a backward State—having a total of 49.1 percent, of illiterates in 1890 (=18.4 white and 79.1 per cent, colored). North is the Indian Territory, and west New and Old Mexico, the former with 65 per cent, of illiterates.
" There is, therefore, no help coming to Texas from its environment, little or no accession of teaching alvility coming to us from neighboring States. We are in a marked sense isolated. Texas is moving as rapidly as she can; but beyond question this isolated position is a bar to best advance. For this reason Texas needs special help."
DISBURSEMENT OF APPROPRIATION.
Mrs. T. A. Russell $ 750 00