Bishop College
Historically Black College




Summary Of The Work Of 1897-1898

BISHOP COLLEGEŚMarshall, Texas. Rev. N. Wolverton, President.

" I find pleasure in reporting a very prosperous year. The school opened October 8th, under a cloud. The yellow fever was so near and the quarantine so rigid that we had a very small attendance during October. But, as soon as the fever began to abate, and the quarantine was lifted, the school filled up. Since November 1st we have had the largest average attendance in the history of the school, and have enrolled 338.

" The character of the students was never better, and the work done has been as thorough as I could expect considering that we are two teachers short, and are carrying the same work as last year.


" Number of pupils receiving professional training, 60; teaching under criticism, 14; classes taught by them, 30 ; number of weeks teaching done by them, 866; number preparing to teach, 104.

" Last year we graduated our first student from the full Normal Course. Inasmuch as that course requires one full year of special professional work after the student has been fully prepared to pass the examinations for the highest State certificate, it has been difficult to induce any to remain for this additional work. But the people are beginning to realize that the ' How' is as important as the 'What' of teaching, and the demand for really trained teachers is growing rapidly. In May we expect to graduate three more from that course, and believe that they will have a wide and good influence on the profession in the State.


" We have been crippled in the industrial work for the boys by the fact that we had to dispense with the services of Prof. Goble who did most of the teaching in Manual Training We found it impossible to replace the thousand dollars withdrawn by you and so had to let him go, much to our sorrow. In order that the work in the shop might not stop, and Imping that some means of providing for it for next year might be found, I have taken charge and have taught some of the classes and trained students to help me in others. This adds so much to my other heavy duties that I cannot think of attempting it another year. I sincerely hope that you may be able to add to our present grant, for, if you cannot, I see nothing to do but to close the shop, as it cannot be run without money. Five years ago the president of Bishop College, believing that a course in Manual Training would be of great value to all the boys who may attend the College, and that the Negro race is in special need of the practical training that such a course gives, planned a shop and equipment. When his plans were all completed he found that the sum of $10,000 was needed to carry those plans to completion. He then set himself to the task of collecting that amount of money. He began among the white citizens of Marshall and secured from them about $1,000. The colored people of this part of the State made a rally and added some hundreds. The course outlined is now being taught to more than one hundred boys; the building, once on paper only, is now a reality; and the last tool and the last machine on that list, made more than five years ago, have been purchased and are in use in the shop. Only a small sum on the last machine remains to be collected. When this is done the last dollar of the $10,000 will have been collected and expended as proposed.

" All the students of the Model School, the Grammar School and the Academic grades are required to take regular instruction in industrial work of some kind. To the systematic work thus carried on we have added, this year, a class for the instruction of girls in both plain and fancy cooking. The following table shows the work and classes in this department:

" Number receiving instruction in blacksmithing, 6; machine work in iron, 10; wood turning, 18; carpentry, 47 ; scroll sawing, 26; bracket sawing, 26; printing, 26; cooking, 13; plain sewing, 65; advanced sewing, 35 ; dress-making, 12.

" I sincerely hope that you can add to your present grant, for, without additional income we cannot possibly hold on to all the wo^k now in hand. I am daily conscious that the teachers are carrying more than they can stand. Thanking you very sincerely for the aid given."


Miss T. A. Russell. Normal Department. $750 00
Hattie Finney 250 00