Historically Black College
BISHOP COLLEGE—Marshall, Texas. . Wolverton, D. D., President.
Teachers, 11 male, 9 female; students to date, 323. In three years the average attendance has increased 40 per cent. In the grading of the school the drift is slowly upward. As the public schools increase in efficiency, we shall be able to discourage the attendance of the lower grades, but now we have to depend upon students trained here for reliable material out of which to select our teachers in training. We distinguish sharply between Normal and other work. By Normal we mean only that which directly prepares the teachers who are in training for their professions. 64 pupils have received instruction in the various classes in professional work; 29 have taught 27 classes under criticism. The total number of weeks' teaching has been 826; or an average of about 25 classes daily throughout the year. Two additional teachers for this work are, at present, a pressing necessity. The number in school preparing to teach is 101.
The courses in Manual Training are modelled after those of the leading Manual Training Schools of the Norlh. They consist of a series of exercises for educational results only. Nothing is made for sale or use. Owing to the lack of teaching force, we have been able to do but little in domestic economy. Careful observation of the conditions in the homes of the people shows a crying demand for instruction in this department. General instruction in cooking, housekeeping, care of children, nursing, sewing, dressmaking, sanitation, and hygiene would do more than words can tell to decrease crime and immorality, to reduce the alarmingly high death rate, and to promote thrift and contentment. The girls of the Practice School have been taught sewing twice a week; those of the third year Grammar School, sewing daily; and those of the first year Academic course, dressmaking daily. Eighty minutes are spent at each lesson. Weekly lectures have been given to the girls on cleanliness, care of person, and purity of life. Carpentry, brick-laying, steam-fitting, plumbing, and printing have been attempted. The teacher in Manual Training has given instruction to some young men in carpentry for three years, and they have done all the carpentry work on the new shop and all the repairs to fences, buildings, etc. After the completion of the course of brick-laying, the class of 18, under an experienced workman, laid 100,000 bricks on the new shop. The steam- fitting plant is now wholly in the charge of a student whom we have trained to that duty. With him are associated two students who are being trained in steam-fitting and plumbing, and who have done all the work in that line for more than a year. All students doing trade work are paid by the job or the hour, according to the value of the work turned out. Under Industries, we desire to mention the large amount of work done on the place by the student?, both boys and girls. Four years ago we decided to give nothing to the students—no reduced rates or rebates of any kind, except $1.00 per month reduction to ministerial students. We discourage begging; at the same time we furnish all the work we can and pay in cash for it at its market value. Only one servant is employed—the head cook. Except what she does, the students do all—cooking, dining-room work, laundry work, the care of buildings, firing, wood cutting, grading, fencing, gardening, care of stock, repairing, building, painting, plumbing, etc. For work so done last year they received $3,160.09 in cash. They honestly earned it; it was theirs. This is more than all the fees paid for board and tuition by thirty-six students for a whole year. The new shop for manual training is completed and occupied, and the building, tools, and machinery now in use cost $7,864.18. Of this sum the white people of this city gave $877.50, the Faculty $990.00, the colored people of this State $1,121.68. We have made an exact statement of what we have done and are doing along the lines of Normal and Industrial work. Our pressing needs are more thorough equipment for domestic economy and more teaching force. We need at least two additional teachers for Normal work. A fine class is now ready, but we cannot teach it.
DISBURSEMENT OF SLATER APPROPRIATION.
T. A. Russell. Normal $750 00