Afro-American Teachers and Educators

 


Mrs. Larry Brown (Christine Benton) Cash taught in the Academic Department of Bishop College according to this 1926 yearbook page.

 

 


 

Edward Donahue Pierson

Christine Benton Cash

William Crosthwait 

Joseph Anderson

Afro-American Teachers 1880 Census

 
Martha Medows  16 years olds, born in Texas, living with family, father is a minister Precinct 1
J. W. Holloway  19 years olds, mulatto, born in Texas, living with family, father is a machinist and is enumerated as white  Precinct 1
Pete Jarrett  25 years olds, born in Georgia, living with wife and four children, Precinct 1
Thomas Aldredge 22 years olds, born in Texas, living with wife and one child, Precinct 2
William Crostwait 19 years olds, born in Tennessee, living with Robert A. Caldwell Precinct 2

 

American Missionary -  Article


...In the summer of 1884, near Leesburg, Texas, a well-appointed Negro school was burned by the whites of that community. The colored people, seeing their hope of years in ashes, advertised their little holdings for sale, and prepared to leave in a body. But the whites offered to supplement the insurance on the former building and to re-build the school, if the colored people would remain in the community. The terms were accepted, and now West Chapel, which is the name of the school, is excellently furnished and has a $200 bell upon it, and is the best known school in Northeast Texas. Previous to the burning of West  the whites were continually distracted by factional fights. There was general apathy with regard to improvement in any way whatever. Their teachers were always of the inferior class. But, when they found that the colored people would have a school, they decided to have one also. The colored people bought a bell. So did they. The colored people had a foreign teacher. So must they have one, and they paid $750 a year for him. One of the white citizens of the locality summed the situation up thus:—"West Chapel is to the whites what a coal of fire is on the back of a terrapin." This school was organized by a Fisk student and has ever  since been taught by students of Fisk. Thus is the A.M.A. lifting up the Negro directly and the whites indirectly, and establishing friendly relations between the two.

 

 

Afro-American Teachers'  Certificates Granted by Summer Normal Institutes, 1884

J. W. Holloway  23 years old, 3 years teaching, Married, Male, Second Grade Certificate Granted
A R Rutledge 38 years old, 3 years teaching, Married, Male, Third Grade Certificate Granted
P A Jarrett  23 years old, 5 years teaching, Married, Male, Second Grade Certificate Granted

 

 

 

Autobiography and Work of Bishop M. F. Jamison, D.D. ("Uncle Joe") Editor, Publisher, and Church Extension Secretary; a Narration of His Whole Career from the Cradle to the Bishopric of the Colored M. E. Church in America
Page 182



The Bishop read out his appointments for 1886, returning me to the Leesburg Circuit. I had hoped for a better appointment; but it was thought that, as I had done so well on that circuit--purchasing a one-hundred- and-eighty-dollar bell, building a new church, and adding ninety-three souls to the Church--I should be returned and allowed to finish the work so well begun. But it proved a delusion.

The Caldwell faction and the Jones faction squabbled about the school. Caldwell was the great schoolman, and Jones was the great churchman. It had been the rule to run a ten months' session during the year--seven months' free school and three months' subscription school at one dollar and fifty cents per month for each student. Now, in order to do this the two factions had always pulled together; but owing to short crops that year, Jones foresaw the impossibility of paying the preacher and running a pay school at the same time. The teacher had married the daughter of Mr. Caldwell, the great school champion, and the refusal to carry on the ten months' session was regarded as a stroke at the school champion and his family. He withdrew his aid from the Church, thus weakening its financial interests. The general claims necessarily went up minus a few dollars, and the pastor fell seventy-five dollars short in his own claims. Such was the result of the division in the West Chapel community that Conference year. I paid dearly, I thought, for these two leaders' differences. It was no fault of mine, and yet I sustained the greatest loss. I held my peace by holding my tongue, for both were good to me. Prof. Joseph Anderson was teacher, and carried on one of the best schools in Texas. He has prepared and equipped some of the best teachers to be found in the public school service in the State. Our friend, R. A. Caldwell, was deserving of praise for the successful prosecution of the grand work. I have never seen a colored man more devoted to the educational interests of his race than Mr. Caldwell. Though I liked them all, I had decided not to serve them again as pastor.

 

 

 

Center Point School - Historical Marker Text



 Began as a Freedmen's community about 1865-70. The Willie Johnson family were the first settlers and were soon joined by other families. In 1899 G. W. Goulsby opened a one-room school, the first in the settlement; Pete Griffin was the first teacher. In 1916 a new five-room school was built. In later years campus additions, partly funded by the Julius Rosenwald Fund, included a teacherage, library, dormitories, cafeteria, and gymnasium. Students maintained a farm and garden and operated a cannery. Center Point School was closed in 1952.

 

 

Afro-American Teachers 1900 Census

 

Henry Miller Birthdate: Apr 1851, Birthplace: Georgia, Father's birthplace: Georgia, Mother's birthplace: Georgia, Head-of-household name: Stephen Wilkerson, Marital status: Single, Years married:  Justice Precinct 1 (excl. Pittsburg town )
Lena Spears Birthplace: South Carolina, Birthdate: Jan 1877, Relationship to head-of-household: Niece, Father's birthplace: South Carolina, Mother's birthplace: South Carolina,  Head-of-household name: Alozd Keith,  Marital status: Single, Are Lizzie and Lena, twin?  Justice Precinct 1 Pittsburg town
Lizzie Spears Birthdate: Feb 1877, Birthplace: South Carolina, Relationship to head-of-household: Niece, Father's birthplace: South Carolina, Mother's birthplace: South Carolina, Head-of-household name: Alozd Keith, Marital status: Single, Are Lizzie and Lena, twin? Justice Precinct 1 Pittsburg town
Henry L Williams Birthdate: Jul 1865, Birthplace: Texas, Relationship to head-of-household: Self, Spouse's name: Sallie Williams, Spouse birthplace: Texas, Father's birthplace: Maryland, Mother's name: Dinah Bailey, Mother's birthplace: North Carolina, Marital status: Married, Years married: 4, Estimated marriage year: 1896, Justice Precinct 1 Pittsburg town
Henry Waters Birthdate: Dec 1875, Birthplace: Texas, Relationship to head-of-household: Self, Spouse's name: Georgia Waters, Spouse birthplace: Tennessee, Father's birthplace: Ohio, Mother's name: Clara Waters, Mother's birthplace: Mississippi, Marital status: Married, Years married: 1, Estimated marriage year: 1899, Justice Precinct 1 Pittsburg town
Georgia Waters Birthdate: Jan 1879, Birthplace: Tennessee, Relationship to head-of-household: Wife, Spouse's name: Henry Waters, Spouse birthplace: Texas, Father's birthplace: Tennessee, Mother's birthplace: Tennessee, Head-of-household name: Henry Waters, Marital status: Married, Years married: 1, Estimated marriage year: 1899, Justice Precinct 1 Pittsburg town
Mary H. Waters Birthdate: May 1880, Birthplace: Texas, Relationship to head-of-household: Sister, Father's birthplace: Mississippi, Mother's name: Clara Waters,  Mother's birthplace: Ohio, Head-of-household name: Henry Waters, Marital status: Single, Justice Precinct 1 Pittsburg town
Susie Johnson Birthdate: Mar 1863, Birthplace: Texas, Relationship to head-of-household: Wife, Spouse's name: Allen Johnson, Spouse birthplace: Texas, Father's birthplace: Unknown, Mother's birthplace: Unknown, Head-of-household name: Allen Johnson, Marital status: Married, Years married: 22, Estimated marriage year: 1878, Mother how many children: 8, Number living children: 7, Justice Precinct 1 Pittsburg town
Edmond D Thompson Birthdate: Dec 1859, Birthplace: Alabama, Relationship to head-of-household: Self, Spouse's name: Julia Thompson, Spouse birthplace: Texas, Father's birthplace: Alabama, Mother's birthplace: Alabama, Marital status: Married, Years married: 4, Estimated marriage year: 1896, Justice Precinct 1 Pittsburg town
Georgia Jones Birthdate: Feb 1878, Birthplace: Texas, Father's birthplace: Texas, Mother's birthplace: Texas,  Head-of-household name: Charlie Thomas, Marital status: Single, Justice Precinct 1 Pittsburg town
Edna Strickland Birthdate: Dec 1877, Birthplace: Texas, Relationship to head-of-household: Wife, Spouse's name: John Strickland, Spouse birthplace: Texas, Father's birthplace: Mississippi, Mother's birthplace: Georgia, Head-of-household name: John Strickland, Marital status: Married, Years married: 5, Estimated marriage year: 1895, Mother how many children: 2, Number living children: 2, Justice Precinct 1 Pittsburg town
James T Bolton Relationship to head-of-household: Self, Spouse's name: Bettie Bolton, Spouse birthplace: Texas, Gender: Male, Marital status: Married, Years married: 2, Estimated marriage year: 1898, Justice Precinct 1 Pittsburg town
Bettie Bolton Birthdate: Dec 1870, Birthplace: Texas, Relationship to head-of-household: Wife, Spouse's name: James T Bolton, Father's birthplace: Mississippi, Mother's birthplace: Texas, Head-of-household name: James T Bolton, Marital status: Married, Years married: 2, Estimated marriage year: 1898,
Mother how many children: 1, Number living children: 1,
Justice Precinct 1 Pittsburg town
Rosa Ella Randall Birthdate: 18 Sep 1877, Birthplace: , Wood, Texas, Marital status: Widowed, Father's name: Luke Staples, Father's birthplace: Mississippi, Mother's name: Eliza Booker, Mother's birthplace: Texas, Justice Precinct 2
Tae???? Burg??? Birthdate: Oct 1878, Birthplace: Texas, Relationship to head-of-household: Step Daughter,  Father's birthplace: Georgia, Mother's birthplace: Texas, Marital status: Single,  Justice Precinct 3
Will Strichling Birthdate: Sep 1878, Birthplace: Texas, Relationship to head-of-household: Son,  Father's birthplace: Mississippi, Mother's name: Lucy Bratcher, Mother's birthplace: Virginia, Head-of-household name: Lucy, Bratcher Marital status: Single, Justice Precinct 4
Lutha Strichling Birthdate: Apr 1880, Birthplace: Texas, Relationship to head-of-household: Son, Father's birthplace: Mississippi, Mother's name: Lucy Bratcher, Mother's birthplace: Virginia, Head-of-household name: Lucy Bratcher, Marital status: Single, Justice Precinct 4
Stafford Strichling Birthdate: Apr 1881, Birthplace: Texas, Relationship to head-of-household: Son, Father's birthplace: Mississippi, Mother's name: Lucy Bratcher, Mother's birthplace: Virginia, Head-of-household name: Lucy Bratcher, Marital status: Single, Justice Precinct 4

 

 

 

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